Deafness Impact on Word Segmentations in Chinese Reading: Evidence from Eye Movement
LIANG Zi-yan1 FU Fu-yin2 LIU Zhi-fang1 CHAI Lin3 CHEN Chao-yang2
(Department of Psychology and special education, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, 311121; 2. School of Teacher Education, Ningbo University, Ningbo,315211; 3. Ningbo special education center school, Ningbo, 315029)
摘要研究采用眼动技术，探讨听力障碍学生的词切分特点。实验为3 (组别：听障组 vs能力匹配组 vs 年龄匹配组) × 5 (呈现条件：控制条件 vs 阴影词界 vs 空格词界 vs 阴影非词界 vs 空格非词界)的混合设计。结果发现，阴影词界影响听障组阅读的程度大于年龄匹配组；空格词边界影响听障组，但不影响能力匹配组学生；阴影和空格非词边界对听障组的影响均低于能力匹配组。得出结论：听障学生阅读中的词切分机制与健听学生略有差异；空格词边界可改善听障学生的词汇加工效率。
Abstract：With eye movement tracking, we explored how the deaf reader segmentated words in Chinese reading. Profoundly deaf participants participated the experiment. Reading matched hearing and age matched hearing were also recruited for the control groups. Participants were aksed to reading text which had 5 types: normal unspaced text, text with gray signs on words,text with spaces between words, text with gray signs on non-words and text with space signs on non-words. The results have showed that (1) the sentences with gray signs on words produced a longer reading time of the deaf readers than that of age matched hearing group; (2) space word conditions reduced total reading time and gaze duration on words for the deaf readers, but did not affect those of reading matched hearing group; (3) text with gray signs on non-word and space non-word conditions increase the total reading time and gaze duration on words for the deaf readers, less than those of reading matched hearing group; in addition, (4) the results also showed that the space non-word conditions hindered the total reading time and gaze duration on words for the deaf readers less than those of reading matched hearing group, this condition also reduces the regresssion probability of the deaf, but did not affect the reading matched hearing group. These results suggested that word segmentation is essential for the reading of Chinese deaf, and that the deaf segment words differently from the hearing readers.
梁紫嫣，付福音， 刘志方，柴林，陈朝阳. 听力障碍学生阅读中词切分的过程特点：眼动证据[J]. 应用心理学, 2022, 28(5): 457-464.
LIANG Zi-yan, FU Fu-yin, LIU Zhi-fang, CHAI Lin, CHEN Chao-yang. Deafness Impact on Word Segmentations in Chinese Reading: Evidence from Eye Movement. 应用心理学, 2022, 28(5): 457-464.