Abstract：Home-based academic emotion refers to the emotional state of students in home-based learning. Family environment is an important external factor affecting individual emotion, and self-control is an important internal factor regulating individual emotion. Therefore, taking university students as participants, this study used the family environment scale, academic emotion questionnaire, self-control questionnaire to investigate the relationship between family environment, self-control and home-based academic emotion.
The results showed that (1) university students had a better overall academic emotions at home, with positive academic emotions dominating, while negative academic emotions had a higher degree of shame and anxiety. (2) There were significant differences in students' home-based academic emotions in terms of gender, major and residence. Specifically girls had more positive academic emotions and less negative academic emotions than boys; Arts students had more positive academic emotions and less negative academic emotions than science students; Students living in urban areas had more positive academic emotions and less negative academic emotions than those living in rural areas. (3) The correlation analysis of family environment and home-based academic emotion found that the better the environment atmosphere of family relationship, the less contradictions in the family, the more positive home-based academic emotion, the less negative home-based academic emotion. (4) The self-control partly mediated the relationship between family environment and home-based academic emotion of university students. The results suggested that family environment is an important factor that affects university students' home-based academic emotions, and part of this influence is realized through the factor of individual self-control.
This study provides a theoretical reference for understanding and promoting home-based academic emotions of university students. The results of the above research have certain guiding significance for universities and families to improve university students’ home-based learning.
马元广. 家庭环境对居家学业情绪的影响：自控力的中介效应[J]. 应用心理学, 2021, 27(3): 252-261.
MA Yuan-guang. The Influence of Family Environment on the University Students’ Home-based Academic Emotions: Self-control as a Mediator. 应用心理学, 2021, 27(3): 252-261.