Abstract：Healthy dietary behavioral intention is defined as the healthy assessment and judgment of the dietary behavior which individual is about to make.We investigated healthy dietary behavioral intention and depressive symptoms in 1848 Chinese residents from two studies. Results: (1) The Chinese Healthy Dietary Behavioral Intention Questionnaire was an original investigative tool for healthy dietary behavioral intention and it showed good validity and reliability. (2) Healthy dietary behavioral intention consisted of four parts: quantitative condiment additions, dietary balance, food variety and appetite control. The correlation between the Chinese healthy dietary behavioral intention and depressive symptoms was significantly negative. Besides, appetite control and food variety all contributed to the prediction of depressive symptoms.