Social Action in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Predictive Processing Perspective
HE Jian-qing1 LIU Tong-wei2 BAO Chen-ye3 CHEN Wei2,4
1. School of Humanities, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092; 2. Center for Brain, Mind and Education, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing, 321000; 3. Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; 4. Department of Psychology, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092
Abstract：Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show distinct social interaction characteristics. Two aspects can be analyzed based on the perspective of predictive processing: namely action preparation and execution. During the action preparation stage, insufficient preparation of social actions is observed in individuals with ASD. During the action execution stage, poor coordination arises due to the inadequate connection between their perception and action. At the Bayesian brain level, individuals with ASD present abnormalities in motor-related brain areas, and they suffer from impaired remote neural connections as well as excessive short-range connections. Future research should add cross-sectional comparisons with schizophrenia under a predictive processing perspective, incorporate virtual reality technology, and develop interventions that promote social interaction in ASD.